Introduction to Climate Change

Earth’s environment is the platform which sustains life. Ecosystems provide the life regulating and support resources essential for agriculture, food production, water and all manufactured products. Global warming and climate change are altering the balance between earth’s resources and the lifecycles of flora, fauna, organisms, pests and biomass. Understanding the causes and effects of climate change and carbon emissions is important to enable societies to adapt all aspects of their lives to the effects of climate change.

In an ideal world, everyone would understand the causes and effects of carbon emissions and climate change because, they are the gravest threat to sustainability of human life on Earth and the peaceful coexistence of humanities.  It is hard to comprehend all the issues concerning climate change. food insecurity and carbon emissions because they have severe consequences in all areas of human existence; now and in the future. Never in the history of mankind have all nations, governments, scientists, scientific organizations, climate change academics, universities and financial institutions joined together for the common purpose of reducing carbon emissions and climate change.

This unprecedented crisis of climate change calls for a united global effort to mitigate the effect of carbon emissions and to learn how we must all adapt to the changing world. Adaptation requires changing the way we think, act, work and live so that we can try to restore a balance between the loss of forestry, the environment and a rapidly growing population. More knowledge about the impact of carbon emissions is necessary if the impacts of climate change are to be understood and mitigated, for the benefit of future generations.

We are already experiencing climate change impacts, yet the general temperature increase is less than a 1° since pre-industrial times (circa 1750). A 2° increase above pre-industrial levels is expected to have serious effects on rain distribution, frequency and intensity of floods and droughts, cyclones, tsunamis, earthquakes, bushfires, farming and food security and water security.